Scientific Museum of rocks, minerals and fossils, Department of Geology

The museum is located in the ground floor of the old building of the Faculty of Geology and is one of the oldest geological museums in Egypt.

It contains a variety of rocks, minerals, fossils and geological phenomena that help students and researchers in various geological fields.

The museum contains more than 3000 samples collected by faculty members and their assistants through their research or methodical trips to all areas of Egypt.

The museum also includes collections of sample samples collected by some foreign scientists or graduates of the department, they are:

King Farouk Collection:

The Revolutionary Government donated it to the Department of Geology, containing 250 samples of King Farouk's collection of minerals, rocks, vertebrates, invertebrates and some geological phenomena in the deserts of Egypt.

Minerals and Rocks Collection:

It contains typical samples of minerals and rocks collected by German Scientist “Krantz”, containing more than 500 samples of minerals and 600 samples of igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Geology of Egypt Collection:

It contains 300 samples of large and accurate fossils, which includes most of the kinds of the animal kingdom and a group of plant fossils.

Excavation and fossil sequence:

This collection contains more than 600 samples of global fossils guiding the stages of the geological column and contains more than 300 samples of invertebrate fossils.

* Egyptian Society Group for Sedimentology:

Contains more than 300 samples of different types of sedimentary rocks and their economic importance in Egypt and its role in the evaluation of Egyptian civilization. It is prepared by Prof. Dr. Suleiman Mahmoud Suleiman.

* Prof. Dr. Haider Anan Collection:

It is presented by Haider Salim Anan, a former member of the department, and contains about 200 samples representing different types of rocks, economic minerals and fossils.

Botanical Garden

The museum has several cupboards containing:

  1. Models for floral compositions of different plant flowers such as (mauve, potato, wheat, smoke, pea, tulip, crusader).
  2. Figures showing the stages of seed germination.
  3. Stereotypes showing the internal structures of cross-sectional roots and their growing peak.
  4. Models of different types of fruits: (can - spatial - simple - dry - pulp - apple - aggregated).
  5. 18 glass plates with dried patterns of leaves representing different leaf shapes, top shape and edge shape.
  6. 9 planks containing models of different types of dry seeds and woods and their uses.
  7. 9 boards illustrated for the different sectors used in the study of scientific students.
  8. An anatomical illustration of the gametophyte carrying the modern sporophyte.
  9. 24 paintings of plants belonging to different factions including (leaf shape - fruit form - Nora shape - branches).
  10. Anatomy illustrating the life cycle of Marcantia.
  11. Dried models of infected fruits illustrate the symptoms of some diseases affecting some plants (potatoes, peppers, laring, garlic, onions).
  12. A cupboard containing jars with microscopic algae.
  13. Dishes and tubes have different types of cereals.

The circular cupboard in the center of the museum contains:

  1. Shelf of glass bottles (32) with dry models of some plants of economic and medical value, including: chamomile plants - juniper plant - tannins plant - sky - plant Halitet - Atuna seed plant - Senami, ...).
  2. A shelf with models of some wooden fruits, including fruit growing trees in Egyptian environments and some grow in tropical environments.
  3. The shelf contains pieces of plant fossils as well as various types of wood.

Scientific Museum of Animals


The Museum of the Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University was established with the beginning of the establishment in 1950 in the era of Prof. Kamel Mansour Nayrouz, then head of zoology department.

This museum is one of the most beautiful museums coordinated and contain the largest amount of samples compared to museums of other universities, and the museum is located in the second and third floors of the old college building (Building C), and contains a large number of reference samples representing many denominations of the animal kingdom.

Invertebrate Collection: There are more than 160 invertebrate specimens, including al-Jouf collection, intestinal worms, arthropods, crustaceans, molluscs and skin nuclei. (45 specimens), coral reefs (152 specimens), crustaceans, molluscs, dermatophytes.

Vertebrate Collection: The vertebrate group includes five basic groups are fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, estimated at more than 500 samples to include bony and cartilaginous fish, amphibians and reptiles of various types of lizards, snakes, turtles and crocodiles as well as a large group of birds with models of different nests as well as a group of mammals that include The Congo Museum includes monkeys, wolves and skeletons. The museum also includes stereoscopic models of brain structure and development in all animal communities and the composition of the eyes, teeth and kidneys and also preserved samples of human embryos and animals.

Wasef Reference Collection: This group was founded by the late Prof. Dr. Kamal Michael Wassef and includes several hundred small mammals collected from different regions of the Arab Republic of Egypt over the past fifty years, and the collection includes samples of all ranks of rodents and bats and insects Some of these specimens have been preserved in the form of skins, skeletons, or in preservative solutions. Mammals collected during field trips are continuously added to the group. This group represents an important reference for researchers and scholars from all faculties.

Scientific Museum of Insects


The Department started in the work of the insect group since 1950 when the Department was affiliated to the Institute of Higher Teachers. Prof. Mohamed Taher El Sayed Herman Prisens of the Ministry of Agriculture to oversee the department group. Since then, the section has supported the museum and supplied it with insect specimens through several trips to different parts of Egypt (Alexandria and Salloum in the north - Aswan, Wadi El Alaqi and Toshka in the south - along the Red Sea to Jabal Elba and the borders of Sudan in the east and all oases in the west)

These trips also included the Sinai Peninsula in the north and south. The trips were attended by faculty members in addition to the students of the department since its establishment. The museum contains: 45 cupboards with insect bugs - 18 cupboards with glass slides - 6 display stands - 3 cupboards - 1 projector - 1 display - 1 TV - 1 video - 7 videos (scientific films).

The museum includes several insect collections:

* Research Reference Group:

It is considered one of the major groups in Egypt, where it contains many insect species of grades and was collected from different regions over a period of time exceeding one hundred years (1900-2002), where this group serves the purposes of scientific research from the theses of Master and Ph.D. The number of these samples to about 60 thousand samples located in two thousand insect species and these types are preserved inside the number of 11 wooden wheel.

* Side Group:

This group contains about fifty thousand insect specimens preserved in 13 "wooden" cups, which are classified insects.

Dedicated Group:

This collection contains a number of rare insect species that have been dedicated to the section from different regions of the world (Mediterranean countries - Austria - Germany - Japan - Libya - Saudi Arabia).

* Paintings:

This collection contains a large number of good paintings and drawings, which are used in lectures and scientific lessons in the department.